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General Sherman's Tree
Located inside the Giant Forest of Sequoia National Park in California, General Sherman's Tree is the name of a Giant Sequoia which is considered to be the largest living tree in the world. This massive conifer was named in 1879 after General William Tecumseh Sherman, who used to be an American Civil War leader. This named was coined by James Wolverton, who was a naturalist and served under General Sherman.
General Sherman's Tree is 274.9 ft (83.8 m) tall and has a maximum basal diameter of 36.5 ft (11.1 m). The Giant Sequoia has a total ground circumference of 102.6 ft (31.3 m) and covers a total surface area of 12,000 square feet (1,100 square meters). The annual growth rate of the trunk is 40 cubic feet (1.1 cubic meters), while the total volume of the trunk is 52,500 cubic feet (1490 cubic meteres). The age of the General Sherman Tree has been calculated to be around 2,100 to 2,200 years. The diameter of the largest branch of this tree is 6.8 ft (2.1 m) while the first large branch of this tree is located at a height of 130 ft (40 m) from the ground. The crown of the General Sherman Tree spreads over a distance of 106.5 ft (32.5 m).
Considered as an ultimate example describing the growth potential of Giant Sequoias, General Sherman's Tree has survived numerous fires, climatic changes and human invasions. Unable to withstand these changes in its ecological surroundings any further, the largest branch on the tree broke off in 2006. This branch had a length of 100 feet (30 m) and a diameter of 7 feet (2 m).
The paved Congress Trail is a 2-mile (3 km) hike that starts from General Sherman's Tree and traverses through the Giant Forest. One of the nearest competitors of General Sherman Tree is the General Grant Tree, which is located nearby.