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Free Traveling Guides » States » Colorado

History of Colorado

The State of Colorado, situated in the Rocky Mountain region of the United States of America, is a part of the western and Southwestern regions of the United States. This state has been inhabited by the Native Americans for over 13 millennia. The region that is today the State of Colorado was acquired by the United States with the Mexican Cession in 1848 and the Louisiana Purchase from France in 1803. Thereafter, the area was divided among the Territory of Utah, the Territory of New Mexico, the Territory of Nebraska, and the Territory of Kansas.

The major turning point in the history of the state was the discovery of Gold along the South Platte River in the Western Kansas Territory in July 1858. This discovery led to the famous Pike’s Peak Gold Rush. In 1859, the Provisional Government of the Territory of Jefferson was established. However, it failed to acquire the federal sanction. In the year 1860, the election of Abraham Lincoln led to the approach of civil war and the secession of the six slave states.

The eastern portion of the Territory of Kansas was then admitted to the Union as the free state of Kansas by the Republican led U. S. Congress in 1861. Thirty days later, on February 28, 1861, an act of Congress was signed by the outgoing U. S. President James Buchanan, organizing the free Territory of Colorado. The territory was named after the Colorado River, which is thought to have originated in the area. Finally, on August 1, 1876, the State of Colorado was admitted to the Union as the 38th state and was granted the moniker of the “Centennial State”, as per the proclamation signed by U. S. President Ulysses S. Grant. Women were given the right to vote on November 7, 1893.

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